: Northern Russia and Siberia.
Nordic Kennel Union (NKU).
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF
THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
: Sledge- and companion dog.
: Group 5 Spitz and primitive types.
1 Nordic sledge dogs.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
: The name Samoyed derives from the Samoyed Tribes in Northern
Russia and Siberia. In Southern parts of the area they used white,
black and brown parti-coloured dogs as reindeer herders ; in the
northern parts the dogs were pure white, had a mild temperament and
were used as hunting- and sledge dogs. The Samoyed dogs lived close
to their owners, they even slept within the shelters and were used
as heaters. The British zoologist Ernest Kilburn Scott spent three
months among Samoyed Tribes in 1889. Returning to England he
brought with him a brown male puppy called « Sabarka ». Later he
imported a cream coloured bitch called « Whitey Petchora » from
the western side of the Urals and a snow white male called « Musti »
from Siberia. These few dogs and those brought by the explorers are
the base for the western Samoyed. The first standard was written in
England in 1909.
: Medium in size, elegant, a white Arctic Spitz. In appearence
gives the impression of power, endurance, charm, suppleness, dignity
and self-confidence. The expression, the so called « Samoyed Smile »,
is made up of a combination of eye shape and position, and the
slightly curved up corners of the mouth. The sex should be clearly
: The length of the body is approximately 5% more than the height at
the withers. The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of
the height at the withers.
The muzzle is approximately as long as the skull.
TEMPERAMENT : Friendly,
open, alert and lively.
The hunting instinct is very slight. Never shy nor aggressive.
Very social and cannot be used as guard dog.
Powerful and wedge-shaped.
Skull : viewed from the front and in profile only slightly convex.
Broadest between the ears.
Slightly visible furrow between the eyes.
Stop : Clearly defined but not too prominent.
Nose : Well developed, preferably black. During some periods of the
year the pigment of
the nose can fade to a so called « winter nose » ; there must
however always be dark
pigment at the edges of the nose.
Muzzle : Strong and deep, approximately as long as the skull,
gradually tapering towards the nose, neither snipey nor heavy and
square. The bridge of the nose is straight.
Lips : Close fitting, black and rather full. The corners of the
mouth are slightly curved forming the characteristic « Samoyed
Jaws/Teeth : Regular and complete scissor bite. The teeth and the
jaws are strong.
Eyes : Dark brown in colour, well-set in the sockets, placed rather
apart, somewhat slanting and almond-shaped. The expression is « smiling »,
kind, alert and intelligent. The eyerims are black.
Ears : Erect, rather small, thick, triangular and slightly rounded
at the tips.
They should be mobile, set high ; due to the broad skull well apart.
: Strong and of medium length with a proud carriage.
: Slightly longer than the height at the withers, deep and compact
Withers : Clearly defined.
Back : Of medium length, muscular and straight ; in females slightly
longer than in males.
Loin : Short, very strong and defined.
Croup : Full, strong, muscular and slightly sloping.
Chest : Broad, deep and long, reaching almost to the elbows. The
ribs are well sprung.
Underline : Moderate tuck-up.
: Set rather high. When the dog is alert and in motion the tail is
carried bent from the root forward over the back or side, but may be
hanging at rest, then reaching to the hocks.
General appearance : Well placed and muscular with strong bones.
Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
Shoulder : Long, firm and sloping.
Upper arm : Oblique and close to the body. Approximately as long
as the shoulder.
Elbow : Close to the body.
Carpus : Strong but supple.
Metacarpus (Pastern) : Slightly oblique.
Fore Feet : Oval with long toes, flexible and pointing straight
Toes arched and not too tightly knit. Elastics pads.
General appearance :
Viewed from behind straight and parallel with very strong muscles.
Upper thigh : Of medium length, rather broad and muscular.
Stifle : Well angulated.
Hocks : Rather low and well angulated.
Metatarsus : Short, strong, vertical and parallel.
Hindfeet : As front feet. The dewclaws should be removed.
: Powerful, free and tireless in appearance with long stride.
Good reach in the forequarters and good driving power in the
HAIR : Profuse, thick,
flexible and dense polar coat. The Samoyed is a double coated dog
with short, soft and dense undercoat and longer, more harsh and
straight outer coat. The coat should form a ruff around the neck
and shoulders framing the head, especially in males. On head and
on front of legs, hair is short and smooth ; on outside of ears
short, standing off and smooth. Inside the ears should be well
furred. On back of the thighs the hair forms trousers. There
should be a protective growth of hair between the toes. The tail
should be profusely covered with hair. The coat of the female is
often shorter and softer in texture than that of the male. The
correct coat texture should always have a special glistening sheen.
COLOUR : Pure white, cream or white with biscuit. (The basic colour
to be white with a few biscuit markings.) Should never give the
impression of being pale brown.
Height at withers : Ideal height : male 57 cm with a tolerance of ±
3 cm and females 53 cm with a
tolerance of ± 3 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with
which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to
• Visible faults in structure.
• Light bone.
• Males not masculine and females not
• Pincer bite.
• Yellow eyes.
• Soft ears.
• Barrel ribcage.
• Double twisted tail.
• Low on the legs.
• Badly bow-legged or cow hocked.
• Wavy or short coated throughout,
long, soft or coat hanging down.
• Clearly unpigmented areas on
eyerims or lips.
ELIMINATING FAULTS :
• Eyes blue or of different colours.
• Overshot or undershot bite.
• Ears not erect.
• Coat colour other than
permitted in the standard.
• Shy or aggressive
: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.